Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose due to defects in the production of insulin, insulin action, or both. There are three major types of diabetes:
Type I diabetes occurs when the body does not produce insulin. This form usually occurs in children and young adults, and requires insulin injections.
Type II diabetes occurs due to insulin resistance combined with insulin deficiency. This form is usually associated with older age, obesity, family history, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, and coronary artery disease. Type II can generally be controlled with diet, exercise, and oral drugs.
Gestational diabetes is a form of glucose intolerance developed during pregnancy.
Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants are trained in helping both adults and children with a broad range of physical, developmental, and behavioral conditions in addition to diabetes. Occupational therapy practitioners also advise people in home modification and in preventing falls, and help clients in wellness techniques that may prevent injury and disease.