Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder of the central nervous system that affects more than 1 million men and women in the United States. It is caused by degeneration of neurons in the brain that results in muscular rigidity, tremors, slow movement, poor balance, and problems walking.
The exact cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown but experts know that many symptoms occur because of a severe lack of a chemical in the brain called dopamine.
Although medication is often used to treat symptoms of Parkinson's disease, occupational therapy intervention can help a person maintain maximum function in his or her day-to-day routines and enable them to live meaningful lives.
Parkinson's disease is a serious problem that should not go untreated. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants are trained in helping both adults and children with a broad range of physical, cognitive, developmental, and psychological impairments and conditions. Practitioners also help clients and their caregivers with strategies that can prevent injury and secondary complications, and support health and well-being.